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[新动态]布干维尔公投结果:以97.5%的压倒性优势选择从巴新独立 [复制链接]

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只看楼主 倒序阅读 0 发表于: 2019-12-11
— 本帖被 逐风天地 执行加亮操作(2019-12-11) —


Bougainville votes overwhelmingly for independence from PNG



The people of Bougainville have chosen overwhelmingly to become the world's newest nation in a historic referendum to break away from Papua New Guinea.

Results announced on Wednesday, had the case for independence backed by 97.5 per cent of the 206,000 registered voters.

The two-week referendum period began on November 23 and closed on December 7. It involved nearly 1500 polling officials across 829 locations in PNG, the Solomon Islands and Australia.

Results were announced at the central counting centre at Hutjena on Buka island, by Bertie Ahern, former Irish Taoiseach (Prime Minister) who was appointed Chairman of Bougainville’s Referendum Commission (BRC) which has overseen the referendum process.

The Speaker of Bougainville’s Parliament, Simon Pentanu, a highly respected local leader said the region's leadership had come under ridicule and criticism but were "the ones that make the hard decisions. It is the hard decisions, and the pains and rewards that has got us thus far".

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"My thoughts today are with the President and all members of our Bougainville Parliament who have been steadfast in their resolve that no one drops the baton on the home stretch after the voting and counting and the announcement of the results today.

The referendum is non-binding and the vote for independence will now need to be negotiated between leaders from Bougainville and Papua New Guinea.

The final say will now go to lawmakers in the Papua New Guinea Parliament. The process of becoming a separate nation could take years to achieve.

"I have confidence that both PNG and Bougainville leaders will proceed with consultations from hereon with the same resolve for a peaceful outcome and decision guided by the people’s decision through the ballot and the results as announced today," Pentanu said.

The United Nations Resident Co-ordinator for PNG, Gianluca Rampolla said: "I am very pleased to be here in Buka today to witness history in the making. The United Nations has played a key role in Bougainville since 1998 supporting one of the most successful peace agreements of our times."

He said the UN was "fully committed to continue providing support to both governments in the post-referendum process".

The referendum was a key part of a 2001 peace agreement that ended a civil war in which at least 15,000 people died in the cluster of islands to the east of the Papua New Guinea mainland.

That agreement calls for “consultation” and a negotiated outcome reached between the Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG) and the PNG government once the referendum result is known. Although it is difficult to imagine PNG ignoring an overwhelming vote for independence, the outcome must be ratified by 111 MPs in PNG’s Parliament and that is not certain in a country famously known as “the land of the unexpected”.

Bougainville’s President John Momis said last week that both the ABG and national PNG governments must “negotiate in good faith” whatever the outcome.

“They must be ready to negotiate hard, with the aim of getting an outcome that is acceptable to both sides,” he said.

The violence began in the late 1980s, triggered by conflict over an enormous open-cast copper mine at Panguna. The mine was a huge export earner for Papua New Guinea but many in Bougainville felt they received no benefit and resented the pollution and disruption of their traditional way of living.

The mine has remained shut since the conflict. Some believe it could provide a revenue source for Bougainville should it become independent.

Experts believed Bougainville would vote overwhelming in favour of independence ahead of the other option which was greater autonomy.

Eleven Australian MPs and observers took part as election monitors during the referendum period, led by Jane Prentice. Other observers from the Pacific Islands Forum, the Commonwealth Secretariat and some Pacific nations gave unofficial indications they thought the referendum was conducted peacefully and in a largely free and fair manner.

Two Australian Federal Police officers were seconded to a New Zealand-led police operation to maintain security for the poll.

Ben Bohane has reported the Bougainville referendum as part of a collaboration between the Walkley Foundation, The Age and The Sydney Morning Herald.

With AP
有人爱,有事做,有所期待。生也如此复何求?
这个是主号。下辖淡云看山、孤独如宇两个马甲。
我的微博:逐风天地间 http://weibo.com/931210127
只看该作者 1 发表于: 2019-12-11
前排贺喜荣升。。。。。。

随手圈一下范围。没仔细找图。
[ 此帖被轨道部在2019-12-11 13:11重新编辑 ]
只看该作者 2 发表于: 2019-12-11
关键是能落实吗?表示担忧
只看该作者 3 发表于: 2019-12-11
支持!分出来租给中国吧
朝辞白帝彩云间,一行白鹭上青天,
借问酒家何处有,春风不度玉门关。
只看该作者 4 发表于: 2019-12-11
这个位置,我国移民两千万过去,估计能有好的发展。
只看该作者 5 发表于: 2019-12-11
不太了解,那边是有什么渊源么
只看该作者 6 发表于: 2019-12-11
新喀里多尼亚什么时候才能独立啊。
只看该作者 7 发表于: 2019-12-11
回 falcon 的帖子
falcon:不太了解,那边是有什么渊源么 (2019-12-11 15:09) 

语言以南岛语系为主(虽然巴新好像还有几个离岛也是),1975-76年有个短命的北所罗门共和国,地理上属于所罗门的一部分。2002年取得自治地位。
省-州-小县-虚乡镇,狭域市,减少通名种类,规范不同级别「城市」之通名,慎重改市镇。
只看该作者 8 发表于: 2019-12-11
所以能真的独立吗?
只看该作者 9 发表于: 2019-12-11
我猜明年联合国会员国达到194个。
取消市管市县,撤销乡镇,县级自治。
都┬─区
│└───县
省┬─市───区
 ├─────市、县
 └─州┬──市、县
    └市─区
注:各级行政均可自治。州一般是自治州。州辖市大者可分区。
只看该作者 10 发表于: 2019-12-11
布干维尔岛公投结果出炉,超九成居民愿从巴布亚新几内亚独立
澎湃新闻记者 南博一
2019-12-11 16:57  来源:澎湃新闻
12月11日,巴布亚新几内亚的布干维尔岛全民公投结果出炉,超九成投票者支持从巴布亚新几内亚独立。
据巴布亚新几内亚EMTV电视台12月11日报道,布干维尔岛(Bougainville)居民在全民公投中支持从巴布亚新几内亚独立。
根据18.1万张选票的统计结果,将近17.7万人投票支持独立,仅3000人支持给予该岛更大的自治权。
布干维尔岛今年举行全民公决的日期多次推迟。最初计划于6月15日举行,但被推迟至10月17日。后来,负责全民公决的委员会为“完善参投选民名单”,将日期推迟至11月23日。
11月23日,太平洋地区的布干维尔开始进行历史性公投,以决定是否通过脱离巴布亚新几内亚获得独立。如果独立,布干维尔将成为世界上最新的国家。据美联社此前报道,这次公投持续两周,是巴布亚新几内2001年和平协议的重要组成部分。
布干维尔人口约25万,年满18岁的公民可以选择支持完全独立,或是留在巴布亚新几内亚争取更大自治权。超过20万人有资格在公投中投票。
投票并不能立即带来最后的决定。公投后需要由布干维尔岛政府和巴布亚新几内亚领导人进行谈判,最终决定权将交给巴布亚新几内亚议会。
布干维尔岛是太平洋所罗门群岛最大的岛屿,是巴布亚新几内亚的一个自治区。1975年和1990年两次宣布独立失败后,于1997年获得这一自治地位。
巴布亚新几内亚是一个由诸多岛屿组成的国家,位于澳大利亚的东北方,人口约800万。布干维尔岛位于该国最东部,也是所罗门群岛中的最大岛屿。“布干维尔”这个名字,是为了纪念法国冒险家布干维尔在1768年“发现”该岛。
取消市管市县,撤销乡镇,县级自治。
都┬─区
│└───县
省┬─市───区
 ├─────市、县
 └─州┬──市、县
    └市─区
注:各级行政均可自治。州一般是自治州。州辖市大者可分区。
只看该作者 11 发表于: 2019-12-11
回 无形 的帖子
无形:我猜明年联合国会员国达到194个。 (2019-12-11 20:06) 

还要看巴新如何放手。西方媒体几乎都认为巴新政府会尽力拖延时间。
有人爱,有事做,有所期待。生也如此复何求?
这个是主号。下辖淡云看山、孤独如宇两个马甲。
我的微博:逐风天地间 http://weibo.com/931210127
只看该作者 12 发表于: 2019-12-11
回 逐风天地 的帖子
逐风天地:还要看巴新如何放手。西方媒体几乎都认为巴新政府会尽力拖延时间。 (2019-12-11 21:25) 

大势所趋,巴新这样的弱国没有能力阻止
只看该作者 13 发表于: 2019-12-11
此结果没有强制力,还要看巴新当局是否同意。当然这次公投背后有美澳撑腰,巴新不敢不同意,不过估计会拖延时间。
只看该作者 14 发表于: 2019-12-11
所罗门群岛对此反应如何
只看该作者 15 发表于: 2019-12-11
旧联合舰队总锚地?

只看该作者 16 发表于: 2019-12-12
结果还算快的,原来预计15日公布结果的。

这么高的比例支持独立,巴新很难阻止了。
小号:云中城堡
只看该作者 17 发表于: 2019-12-12
祝贺自南苏丹之后即将迎来第二个新国家。
只看该作者 18 发表于: 2019-12-12
不太明白97.5%是怎么算出来的

Referendum Results announced by the BRC – 11 December 2019

Number of votes for Greater Autonomy:             3,043

Number of votes for Independence:                      176,928

Number of informal ballot papers:                        1,096

Total number of ballot papers counted: 181, 067

按总票数,应该是97.7%,按有效票数,应该是98.3%
我的微博:http://weibo.com/baiqitun

只看该作者 19 发表于: 2019-12-12
北所罗门,北马其顿,南苏丹,北苏丹,东帝汶,西帝汶,东巴布亚,西巴布亚,(北蒙古,北阿塞拜疆,北塞浦路斯)。

感觉长远来看巴布亚国的首都定在莱城更合适。
不知巴新能否用高度自治来换取阻挡布干维尔(北所罗门)的独立。
[ 此帖被湖鹰在2019-12-12 14:56重新编辑 ]
主張①省province府metropolis※(道region)-②郡city county縣county-③市city鎮township鄉municipality區borough※(坊precinct-社區commune村莊village)三級政府六級區劃■衆議院參議院聯合立法-地方自治-司法獨立......
hqq
只看该作者 20 发表于: 2019-12-12
另一張參考圖

=============================
Boundary representation is not
necessarily  authoriative.
=============================
只看该作者 21 发表于: 2019-12-12
回 baiqitun 的帖子
baiqitun:不太明白97.5%是怎么算出来的
Referendum Results announced by the BRC – 11 December 2019
Number of votes for Greater Autonomy:             3,043
....... (2019-12-12 14:20) 

可能是手误了吧。这篇差不多是最早报道布干维尔公投结果的新闻,或许抢时间发布,结果写错了。
有人爱,有事做,有所期待。生也如此复何求?
这个是主号。下辖淡云看山、孤独如宇两个马甲。
我的微博:逐风天地间 http://weibo.com/931210127

只看该作者 22 发表于: 2019-12-12
回 湖鹰 的帖子
湖鹰:北所罗门,北马其顿,南苏丹,北苏丹,东帝汶,西帝汶,东巴布亚,西巴布亚,(北蒙古,北阿塞拜疆,北塞浦路斯)。
感觉长远来看巴布亚国的首都定在莱城更合适。
不知巴新能否用高度自治来换取阻挡布干维尔(北所罗门)的独立。 (2019-12-12 14:32) 

这次公投有两个选项:一是独立;二是更大的自治。选自治的极少。
小号:云中城堡
只看该作者 23 发表于: 2019-12-12
又要多个小岛国?
只看该作者 24 发表于: 2019-12-13
回 玉昆仑 的帖子
玉昆仑:新喀里多尼亚什么时候才能独立啊。 (2019-12-11 17:52) 

不会独立的,现在吃法国福利多好,独立了生活质量下降一大截,除了几个政客肥了
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