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[其他]拉脱维亚 42 [复制链接]

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只看楼主 倒序阅读 0 发表于: 2020-12-31
[ 此帖被轨道部在2020-12-31 22:35重新编辑 ]
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只看该作者 1 发表于: 2020-12-31
Saeima finally approves major regional reforms

At a virtual sitting on June 10, the Saeima approved the government's major overhaul of local government and the regional map of Latvia in a third and final reading.

58 deputies voted in favor of the law on administrative territorial reform, 12 were against and 20 deputies abstained.

Under the terms of the hefty legislative package which drew heavy opposition in its earlier readings, after the municipal elections in 2021, there will be 42 local governments instead of the current 119 local governments. Many existing districts will be merged with each other and many urban municipalities will now find their reach extending deep into rural hinterlands.

"The administrative-territorial reform can be compared to a long-running ultramarathon. In total, the Commission has processed more than 800 proposals during more than 120 working hours. This marathon relay awaits other reforms that have been discussed for years and have already begun, such as the reorganization of the networks of hospitals and schools, which will now be able to move much more smoothly,” said Artūrs Toms Plešs, Chairman of the Administrative Territorial Reform Commission.

Plešs also lauded the fact that important legislation had not been put on hold despite the COVID-19 crisis thanks to the Saeima's rapid introduction of virtual debate and online voting: “On the one hand, we have had to look for new ways to make decisions, we have proved that we can also make important decisions remotely. On the other hand, the crisis has shown that this is the last moment for the reform to be adopted. Strong and powerful municipalities are needed in crisis situations that may affect us in the future.”

In future Latvia will be divided into so-called "state cities" and local governments. The status of a state city has been determined for Daugavpils, Jelgava, Jēkabpils, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Ogre, Rēzekne, Rīga, Valmiera and Ventspils.    

The full list of new administrative districts is listed in this story from our colleagues at LSM's Latvian-language service.

It is also expected that from July 1 of next year Koknese and Iecava will acquire the status of a city, while ādaži, Mārupe and Ķekava will become cities from July 1, 2022.

However, the legislative changes are not completely over: in order to implement the common functions of the state and local governments, it is planned to establish the administrative regions of Kurzeme, Zemgale, Riga, Vidzeme and Latgale on a legal basis. It is planned to determine their status and operating conditions in a separate law, which will have to be developed by the Cabinet of Ministers by January 1, 2021 and submitted to the Saeima for consideration.

The 2021 municipal elections will be announced by the Central Election Commission and with the first meetings of the newly elected municipal councils are scheduled for July 1 next year. But before that the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development must develop a methodology for local governments to start operating new municipalities by 30 September this year.

The law provides for a transitional period so that appropriate changes can be made in the state registers and information systems in accordance with the division of the new administrative territories.

Regional reform was made one of the flagship policies of the current government, and while coalition politicians were in celebratory mood following the decisive Saeima vote, it is whether or not the reforms really do bring improvements that will likely determine future of the government.

Particularly in rural areas, there is a fear that the reforms will lead to job losses in the public sector, increased centralization and dominant towns and cities sucking in resources. However, if the changes do lead to the creation of more efficient networks of education, health care, social assistance, transport and utility infrastructure, plus increased investment -- as promised by government -- then opposition to the reforms will surely subside.
[ 此帖被轨道部在2020-12-31 22:33重新编辑 ]
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只看该作者 2 发表于: 2020-12-31


Latvia's government on April 10 outlined ambitious plans to reform local municipal administration,
including a headline-grabbing pledge to reduce the total number of municipalities from 119 (110 municipalities and 9 cities) at present to just 35 by 2021.

The administrative-territorial reform project is being overseen by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development (VARAM) which envisages the creation of 35 local government regions centered on towns and cities rather than the more dispersed model currently in operation.

The ministry believes it will save millions of euros via the reforms and create a more populous and viable tier of local government, though some people in isolated and rural regions have voiced fears that they will lose influence and become even more dependent upon urban centers.

The number of municipal deputies elected across the country would drop from 1,614 to 686 under the proposals.

Speaking at a presentation that took more than an hour to outline the plans April 10, Minister Juris Pūce said the reforms would act as a "stimulus" to local government.

"We find ourselves in a situation in which municipalities are very varied," Pūce said, adding that in theory Latvian municipalities had some of the widest powers and functions in the European Union but often lacked the financial and infrastructural strength to do as much as they might. The reforms are intended to help them do more, he said.

"We are open to discussion and I am always ready to talk," Pūce said, adding that discussions would continue with municipalities and other stakeholders and modifications to the plan were still possible."

"As minister I am responsible for delivering quality services in the interests of all Latvian residents," Pūce said.

In an unusual move Pūce was flanked at the presentation by representatives of academia and business to bolster the reasons why reform is needed. These reasons included creating a better spread of infrastructure and services, acting as a means of combating mass emigration, improving economic productivity, attracting more investment and improving the educational network.

Territorial reform was named as one of the priorities of Krišjānis Kariņš' coalition government, though until recent days the form such reforms might take remained to be decided. LSM recently got Pūce to explain the rationale behind the reform in English, too.
[ 此帖被轨道部在2020-12-31 22:34重新编辑 ]
~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~~~~~
~~~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~~~
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只看该作者 3 发表于: 2020-12-31
五大区(或六大区)统计用得多。

There are five planning regions of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas plānošanas reģioni); Kurzeme, Latgale, Riga, Vidzeme and Zemgale. The boundaries of the regions aligns to the boundaries of the municipalities of Latvia following the municipality reform of 1 July 2009. The planning regions of Latvia are not administrative territorial divisions, since they are not mentioned in the law that prescribes the administrative territorial divisions of Latvia.

Regions    Largest city    Area    Population - (per km2)
Riga    Riga    10,132 km2    1,030,071 - (101.7/km2)
Kurzeme    Liepāja    13,596 km2    301,621 - (22.2/km2)
Latgale    Daugavpils    14,549 km2    304,032 - (20.9/km2)
Zemgale    Jelgava    10,733 km2    254,461 - (23.7/km2)
Vidzeme    Valmiera    15,246 km2    211,309 - (13.9/km2)
Latvia    Riga    64,256 km2    2,070,371 - (32.2/km2)
[ 此帖被轨道部在2021-01-01 16:50重新编辑 ]
~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~~~~~
~~~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~~~
~~~~~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~
只看该作者 4 发表于: 2020-12-31
Re:拉脱维亚 119→42
The area of 8 Regional Environmental Boards of the SES:

DRVP: Daugavpils Regional Environmental Borad
MRVP: Madona Regional Environmental Board
LRVP: Lielrīga Regional Environmental Board
LRVP: Liepāja Regional Environmental Board
JRVP: Jelgava Regional Environmental Board
VRVP: Valmiera Regional Environmental Board
VRVP: Ventspils Regional Environmental Board
RRVP: Rēzekne Regional Environmental Board
[ 此帖被轨道部在2020-12-31 23:13重新编辑 ]
~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~~~~~
~~~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~~~
~~~~~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~
只看该作者 5 发表于: 01-01
这个小国设立一级区划即可!33个市县时代最好!再下设560个区、镇、里、村!
只进行机构改革不进行地域建制规模改革是不彻底、不完善、带有妥协性的改革!
只看该作者 6 发表于: 01-01
昨天查该国一级调整到42个,见到这地图,连忙就关了,实在受不了该国碎片区划。
取消市管市县,撤销乡镇,县级自治。
都┬─区
│└───县
省┬─市───区
 ├─────市、县
 └─州┬──市、县
    └市─区
注:各级行政均可自治。州一般是自治州。州辖市大者可分区。
只看该作者 7 发表于: 01-01
42个也很好,全国一级区划设立市、镇、乡即可!
只进行机构改革不进行地域建制规模改革是不彻底、不完善、带有妥协性的改革!
只看该作者 8 发表于: 01-02
拉脱维亚疆域六万多平方公里,放到国内是一个小省的规模,该国一级调整到42个也好,就当省直管县了。
只看该作者 9 发表于: 01-08
绝大部分都是很合理的撤并(裁杀),类似四川乡镇大清洗。(里加没动,里加应该还是有特殊地位的)

当然还有撤并空间,
①主要是环里加一带撤并难度大,基本都只是两两合并,
原因可类比环京河北省小县林立(进出京城放射交通线密集,夹角小散点多,没有比较明显突出的城镇主持大局吃四方)

②仍有5个直辖市没回归县。

③还有少数暂时吞并不了,但以后迟早要被吞并(比如:叶卡布皮尔斯这次没吞下利瓦尼,利瓦尼也不愿意回归普雷利)
有些不比利瓦尼小的大镇被吞了(比如多贝莱吞了奥采),
对比之下确实死的冤。饭要一口一口吃,急不来。

也有极少数的有点问题:

★斯克伦达离萨尔杜斯更近,却回归了库尔迪加。
★内雷塔并给叶卡布方便一些
★利加特内并给锡古尔达方便一些
★劳纳并给采西斯方便一些,阿佩并给阿卢克斯内方便一些
★卡尔萨瓦被卢扎管可能不太服气,但归雷泽克内的话,卢扎县太小,都可以全体并给雷泽克内了。
[ 此帖被轨道部在2021-01-08 07:28重新编辑 ]
~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~~~~~
~~~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~~~
~~~~~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~
只看该作者 10 发表于: 01-08
各种皮尔斯,是城堡的意思。

第二城 陶格夫 有翻译成道加瓦的,也有道加夫的。。。

还有各种XX内,-ne结尾,不知道啥意思。
~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~~~~~
~~~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~~~
~~~~~~欢迎苏州人民来昆山旅游~~
只看该作者 11 发表于: 01-15
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neighbourhoods_in_Riga



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